Biography| Courses


Election Law:  Cases and Materials.  Durham, NC:  Carolina Academic Press (1995).

Articles and Chapters

Presidential Nomination Reform: Legal Restrains and Procedural Possibilities, in Reforming the Presidential Nomination Process (edited by Steven S. Smith and Melanie J. Springer, Brookings Instititution Press, 2009).

Law and Mercy in "The Merchant of Venice," in Law and Language: Theory and Society (edited by Frances Olson, Alexander Lorz & Dieter Stein, Dusseldorf University Press, 2008).

Term limits, Initiatives, and Other Gimmickry, 102 Northwestern University Law Review 461-64 (2008).

The Meaning of Bush v. Gore , 68 Ohio State Law Journal 1007-33 (2007).

Competition and Competitiveness in American Elections, 6 Election Law Journal 278-94 (2007).  Reviewing The Marketplace of Democracy: Electoral Competition and American Politics, edited by Michael P. McDonald and John Samples.

Vieth's Gap: Has the Supreme Court Gone From Bad to Worse on Partisan Gerrymandering?, 14 Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy 367-95 (2005).

When is a Campaign Contribution a Bribe?, in Private and Public Corruption (edited by John Kleinig, Lanham, MD:  Rowman & Littlefield, 2004).

Book Review, Voting with Votes, 116 Harvard Law Review 1971-94 (2003).  Reviewing Voting with Dollars:  A New Paradigm for Campaign Finance, by Bruce A. Ackerman, and Ian Ayres.

Initiatives and the New Single Subject Rule, 1 Election Law Journal 35-48 (2002).

The Stealth Campaign:  Experimental Studies of Slate Mail in California (with Shanto Iyengar and Seth Masket), XVII Journal of Law & Politics 295-332 (2001).

Campaign Finance, Race, and Equality, 79 North Carolina Law Review 1535-1540 (2001).

The Supreme Court Has No Theory of Politics – And Be Thankful for Small Favors, in The U.S. Supreme Court and the Electoral Process (edited by David K. Ryden, Washington, D.C.:  Georgetown Univ. Press, 2000).

Political Reform is Political, in The U.S. House of Representatives (edited by Joseph F. Zimmerman and Wilma Rule, Westport, CT:  Praeger, 2000).

A Role for Parties, in Money and Politics:  Financing our Elections Democratically (edited by Joshua Cohen and Joel Rogers, Boston:  Beacon Press, 1999).

Election Law Miscellany:  Enforcement, Access to Debates, Qualification of Initiatives, 77 Texas Law Review 2001-21 (1999).

Election Law as a Subject–A Subjective Account, 32 Loyola Los Angeles Law Review 1199-215 (1999).

You Don’t Have to be Liberal to Hate the Racial Gerrymandering Cases, 50 Stanford Law Review 779-835 (1998).

Election Law and Rules for Using Initiatives (with Caroline J. Tolbert and Todd Donovan) in Citizens As Legislators:  Direct Democracy in the United States 27-54 (edited by Shaun Bowler et al., Columbus:  Ohio State Univ. Press, 1998).

Political Parties and the Constitution, in Voting Rights and Redistricting in the United States 83-117 (edited by Mark E. Rush, Westport:  Greenwood Press, 1998).

Race and Representation in the Supreme Court, in Voting Rights and Redistricting in the United States 49-81 (edited by Mark E. Rush, Westport:  Greenwood Press, 1998).

The Goldwater Institute and the Federalist Society:  Federalism and Judicial Mandates (with Lino A. Graglia, et al.), 28 Arizona State Law Journal 17-220 (1996).

Associational Rights of the Major Political Parties:  A Political and Jurisprudential Dead End, 16 American Review of Politics 351-70 (1995).

Campaign Contributions and Corruption:  Comments on Strauss and Cain, 1995 University of Chicago Legal Forum 163-92 (1995).

Are Congressional Term Limits Constitutional?, 18 Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 1-72 (1994).

Congressional Term Limits and the Constitution, in The Politics and Law of Term Limits (edited by Edward H. Crane and Roger Pilon, Washington, DC:  Cato Institute 1994).

Review Essay:  The Failure of the Act:  Conceptions of Law in The Merchant of Venice, Bleak House, Les Miserables, and Richard Weisberg’s Poethics, 15 Cardozo Law Review 1139-243 (1994).  Reviewing Poethics:  And Other Strategies of Law and Literature, by Richard Weisberg.

Associational Rights of Major Political Parties:  A Skeptical Inquiry, 71 Texas Law Review 1741-92 (1993).  Symposium:  Regulating the Electoral Process.

American Political Parties, in Developments in American Politics 63-85 (edited by Gillian Peele et al., New York:  St. Martin's, 1992).

A Patternless Mosaic:  Campaign Finance and the First Amendment after Austin, 21 Capital University Law Review 381-427 (1992).  A Symposium on Comparative Political Expression and the First Amendment.

Campaign Finance and the Constitution, in 1 Political Parties and Elections in the United States:  An Encyclopedia 121-28 (edited by L. S. Maisel, New York:  Garland, 1991).

Legislative Districting, in 1 Political Parties and Elections in the United States:  An Encyclopedia 562-69 (edited by L. S. Maisel, New York:  Garland, 1991).

Bandemer’s Gap: Gerrymandering and Equal Protection, in Political Gerrymandering and the Courts 64-116 (edited by Bernard Grofman, New York: Agathon, 1990).

A Democratic Perspective on Legislative Districting (Reflections on the Political Parties and Reapportionment:  The 1990 Census and Beyond) (with Ronald H. Brown), 6 Journal of Law and Politics 673-81 (1990).

The First Amendment and Paid Initiative Petition Circulators:  A Dissenting View and a Proposal (From Gold Dust to Silicon Chips:  The California Constitution in Transition) (with Robert M. Stern), 17 Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly 175-224 (1989).

On Campaign Finance Reform:  The Root of All Evil is Deeply Rooted (Frameworks of Analysis and Proposals for Reform:  A Symposium on Campaign Finance), 18 Hofstra Law Review 301-67 (1989).

“Too Much Puff”:  Persuasion, Paternalism, and Commercial Speech , 56 University of Cincinnati Law Review 1205-49 (1988).  Symposium:  Commercial Speech and the First Amendment.  Transcript.

Contributor, Encyclopedia of the American Constitution (edited by Leonard W. Levy, Kenneth L. Karst et al., New York:  Macmillan, 1986).

Political Bribery and the Intermediate Theory of Politics, 32 UCLA Law Review 784-851 (1985).   Excerpts published in Political Corruption (2 nd edition, edited by A. HeidenHeimer, M. Johnston, & V. Levine, 1988).

The Quest for Legislative Districting in the Public Interest:  Elusive or Illusory? (with Jonathan Steinberg), 33 UCLA Law Review 1-75 (1985).  Symposium:  Gerrymandering and the Courts.

California Initiatives and the Single-Subject Rule, 30 UCLA Law Review 936-75 (1983).

Campaign Spending and Ballot Propositions:  Recent Experience, Public Choice Theory and the First Amendment, 29 UCLA Law Review 505-641 (1982).

Need for Reform as Great as Ever (Forecast from Lowenstein:  Campaign-Finance Scandals Ahead), 10 California Journal 103-05 (1979).

Neighborhood Law Offices:  The New Wave in Legal Services for the Poor (with Michael J. Waggoner), 80 Harvard Law Review 805-50 (1967).

Disqualification of Judges for Bias in the Federal Courts, 79 Harvard Law Review 1435-52 (1966).


Book Review, 10 California Legal History 359 2010.  Review of After the Tax Revolt: California's Proposition 13 Turns 30, edited by Jack Citrin and Isaac William Martin.

Conflict and corruption:  Appearances and Reality, Western City at 10-12 (May 1999).

A Role for Parties, 22 Boston Review 15-16 (April/May 1997).

Can States Prevent Candidates from Appearing on the Ballot under More than One Party Label? 12-6-96 West’s Legal News 13038, 1996 WL 694945 (1996).  Available online.

Book Review, 518 Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 202-03 (1991).  Reviewing Beyond the Constitution, by Hadley Arkes.

Oral History Interview with Daniel H. Lowenstein.  Los Angeles:  UCLA Oral History Program, for the State Government Oral History Program, California State Archives (1989).  Interviewed by Carlos Vasquez.

Book Review, For God, for Country, or for Me?, 74 California Law Review 1479-512 (1986).  Reviewing Bribes, by John T. Noonan.

Comments on Magleby, “Research California’s Direct Democracy,” in Institute of Governmental Studies, Conference Report:  Conference on Research Needs in California Government and Politics 196-204 (University of California, Berkeley, May 11-12, 1984).

Principal Draftsman, Political Reform Act of 1974 (Prop. 9).  Available online.