This course provides an overview of federal Indian law through a study of cases and secondary materials. It examines contemporary issues -- such as the protests at Standing Rock, the inclusion of the Freedmen in the Cherokee Nation, and the role that indigenous peoples play in environmental sustainability, among numerous others -- to introduce students to the field. The course covers the basic conflicts among sovereign governments which dominate this area of law, especially conflicts over criminal, civil adjudicative, and regulatory jurisdiction. Special attention is given to the status and sovereign powers of Indian nations as recognized under United States law, the federal trust responsibility, and the equal protection issues posed by federal and state legislation singling out Indian nations and tribal members. Federal statutory regimes will be included. Students should gain a critical understanding of the basic tenets of Indian law, the bases of tribal sovereignty, the structure of the federal-tribal relationship and its history, and a sense of the future directions the courts, tribes, and Congress may take in addressing current legal issues in Indian country.