Faculty Profiles

Kenneth Karst

Kenneth L. Karst

David G. Price and Dallas P. Price Distinguished Professor of Law Emeritus
A.B. UCLA, 1950
LL.B. Harvard, 1953
UCLA Faculty Since 1965


Encyclopedia of the American Constitution 2nd ed. (edited by Leonard W. Levy, Kenneth L. Karst, and Adam Winkler). Macmillan (2000). Previous edition: 1986.  Supplement I: 1992.
Law's Promise, Law's Expression: Visions of Power in the Politics of Race, Gender and Religion. Yale University Press (1993).
Belonging to America: Equal Citizenship and the Constitution. Yale University Press (1989).
Law and Development in Latin America: A Casebook (with Keith S. Rosenn). University of California Press (1975).
The Evolution of Law in the Barrios of Caracas (with Murray L. Schwartz and Audrey J. Schwartz). UCLA Latin American Center (1973).
Law, Lawyers and Social Change: Cases and Materials on the Abolition of Slavery, Racial Segregation and Inequality of Educational Opportunity (with Harold Horowitz). Bobbs-Merrill (1969).
Latin American Legal Institutions: Problems for Comparative Study. UCLA Latin Center (1966).

Articles and Chapters

Principles and Persons: Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Raconteuse, 63 Hastings Law Journal 1197 (2012). Full Text
The Stories in Lukumi: Of Sacrifice and Rebirth, in First Amendment Law Stories (edited by Andrew Koppelman and Richard Garnett, Foundation Press, 2011).
Through Streets Broad and Narrow: Six "Centrist" Justices on the Paths to Inclusion, 2010 The Supreme Court Review 1 (2010).
Caperton's Amici, 33 Seattle University Law Review 633-70 (2010). Full Text
Those Appealing Indigents: Justice Ginsburg and the Claims of Equal Citizenship, 70 Ohio State Law Journal 927-42 (2009).
From Carbone to United Haulers: The Advocates' Tale, 2007 Supreme Court Review 237-81 (2008).
The Liberties of Equal Citizens: Groups and the Due Process Clause, 55 UCLA Law Review 99-142 (2007).
Threats and Meanings: How the Facts Govern First Amendment Doctrine, 58 Stanford Law Review 1337-412 (2006).
Equal Citizenship at Ground Level: The Consequences of Nonstate Action, 54 Duke Law Journal 1591-1622 (2005).
The Revival of Forward-Looking Affirmative Action, 104 Columbia Law Review 60-74 (2004).
Law, Cultural Conflict, and the Socialization of Children, California Law Review 967-1028 (2003).
Constitutional Equality as a Cultural Form: The Courts and the Meanings of Sex and Gender, 38 Wake Forest Law Review 513-52 (2003).
Poverty and Rights: A Pre-Millennial Triptych, 16 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics & Public Policy 39-420 (2002).
A Message to Japanese Students Concerning Legal Education in the United States, 43 Aoyama Law Review 36-44 (2002).
Sources of Status-Harm and Group Disadvantage in Private Behavior: A Symposium on Owen Fiss's "Groups and the Equal Protection Clause", 2(1) Issues in Legal Scholarship 1539-8323 (2002).
Women's Roles and the Promise of American Law, in Democracy and the Rule of Law (edited by Norman Dorsen and Prosser Gifford, Congressional Quarterly Press, 2001). Symposium for the Bicentennial of the Library of Congress.
The Supreme Court's New Federalism: Is It Really New?, 4 Waseda Proceedings of Comparative Law 123-34 (2001).
Local Discourse and the Social Issues, 12(1) Cardozo Studies in Law & Literature 1-36 (2000).
Procedural Fairness, in Common Law, Common Values, Common Rights: Essays on Our Common Heritage by Distinguished British and American Authors 77-83 (American Bar Association, 2000).
Citizenship, Law, and the American Nation, 7 Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 595-601 (2000).
The Bonds of American Nationhood, 21 Cardozo Law Review 1141-82 (2000).
Groups and the Free Exercise Clause, 87 California Law Review 1093-1103 (1999).
Does Integration Have a Future?, in Cultural Pluralism, Identity Politics, and the Law 139-68 (edited by Austin Sarat and Thomas R. Kearns, Univ. of Michigan Press, 1999).
'The Way Women Are': Some Notes in the Margin for Ruth Bader Ginsburg, 20 University of Hawaii Law Review 619-33 (1998).
Participation and Hope, 45 UCLA Law Review 1761-79 (1998). Symposium: Voices of the People: Essays on Constitutional Democracy in Memory of Professor Julian N. Eule.
The Coming Crisis of Work in Constitutional Perspective, 82 Cornell Law Review 523-71 (1997).
Myths of Identity: Individual and Group Portraits of Race and Sexual Orientation, 43 UCLA Law Review 263-369 (1995).
Out of Many, One?, 2 Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 65-70 (1995).
Religious Freedom and Equal Citizenship: Reflections on Lukumi, 69 Tulane Law Review 335-72 (1994).
Faiths, Flags, and Family Values: The Constitution of the Theater State, 41 UCLA Law Review 1-16 (1993).
The First Amendment, the Politics of Religion and the Symbols of Government, 27 Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 503-30 (1992).
Judicial Power and Jurisdiction, in The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (edited by Kermit L. Hall, Oxford University Press, 1992).
The Pursuit of Manhood and the Desegregation of the Armed Forces, 38 UCLA Law Review 499-581 (1991).
Religion, Sex, and Politics: Cultural Counterrevolution in Constitutional Perspective, 24 UC Davis Law Review 677-734 (1991).
Boundaries and Reasons: Freedom of Expression and the Subordination of Groups, 1990 University of Illinois Law Review 95-149 (1990).
Private Discrimination and Public Responsibility: Patterson in Context, 1989 Supreme Court Review 1-51 (1989).
Scholars' Reply to Professor Fried (with Gerald P. López, Susan W. Prager et al.), 99 Yale Law Journal 163-68 (1989).
Citizenship, Race, and Marginality, 30 William & Mary Law Review 1-49 (1988).
Judging and Belonging, 61 Southern California Law Review 1957-67 (1988). Symposium on Judicial Election, Selection, and Accountability.
Contributor, in Encyclopedia of the American Constitution (edited by Leonard W. Levy, Kenneth L. Karst et al., Macmillan, 1986).
Equal Protection of the Laws, 24 Society 24-30 (1986).
The "Federal" Legal Order: The U.S.A. and Europe Compared: A Juridical Perspective (with Francis Jacobs), in 1Integration through Law: Europe and the American Federal Experience 169-243 (edited by Mauro Cappelletti and Monica Seccombe, Walter de Gruyter, 1986).
Paths to Belonging: The Constitution and Cultural Identity, 64 North Carolina Law Review 303-77 (1986).
Woman’s Constitution, 1984 Duke Law Journal 447-508 (1984).
Why Equality Matters, 17 Georgia Law Review 245-89 (1983).
Dedication: William O. Douglas, 1898-1980, 27 UCLA Law Review 511-3 (1980).
Equality and Community: Lessons from the Civil Rights Era, 56 Notre Dame Lawyer 183-214 (1980).
The Freedom of Intimate Association, 89 Yale Law Journal 624-92 (1980).
Judicial Review and the Channel Tunnel, 53 Southern California Law Review 447-59 (1980).
Law and the Ways of Knowing, Ohio State University Law Record 1-4 (Winter 1979-80).
The Bakke Opinions and Equal Protection Doctrine (with Harold Horowitz), 14 Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 7-29 (1979).
Poetry: Federal Jurisdiction Haiku, 32 Stanford Law Review 229-31 (1979).
The Costs of Motive-Centered Inquiry, 15 San Diego Law Review 1163-6 (1978).
Justice Marshall and the First Amendment, 6 Black Law Journal 26-42 (1978).
Federal Remedies, 54 University of Detroit Journal of Urban Law 1025-62 (1977). Symposium on the White Curtain: Racially Disadvantaging Local Government Boundary Practices.
The Fifth Amendment's Guarantee of Equal Protection, 55 North Carolina Law Review 541-62 (1977).
The Supreme Court, 1976 Term: Foreword: Equal Citizenship under the Fourteenth Amendment, 91 Harvard Law Review 1-68 (1977).
Individuality, Community and Law, in Law and the American Future 68-83 (edited by Murray L. Schwartz, Prentice-Hall, 1976).
Public Enterprise and the Public Forum: A Comment on Southeastern Promotions, Ltd. v. Conrad, 37 Ohio State Law Journal 247-63 (1976).
Equality as a Central Principle in the First Amendment, 43 University of Chicago Law Review 20-68 (1975).
Justice Douglas and the Equal Protection Clause, 51 Indiana Law Journal 14-17 (1975).
Affirmative Action and Equal Protection (with Harold Horowitz), 60 Virginia Law Review 955-74 (1974).
The California Supreme Court and State Action under the Fourteenth Amendment: The Leader Beclouds the Issue (with Harold Horowitz), 21 UCLA Law Review 1421-31 (1974).
"A Discrimination so Trivial": A Note on Law and the Symbolism of Women's Dependency, 35 Ohio State Law Journal 546-57 (1974).
Presidential Prerogative and Judicial Review (with Harold Horowitz), 22 UCLA Law Review 47-67 (1974).
Serrano v. Priest’s Inputs and Outputs, 38 Law & Contemporary Problems 333-49 (1974).
Stable Structures and Evolving Purposes: The United States Constitution in Developmental Perspective, in Law in the United States of America in Social and Technological Revolution 439-58 (edited by John N. Hazard and Wenceslas J. Wagner, Emile Bruylant, 1974).
Structures and Processes of Federalism in the United States, in L'Influence des Structures Federales sur la Source Legislative du Droit 45-65 (Association Jougoslave du Droit Compare, 1973).
Not One Law at Rome and Another at Athens: The Fourteenth Amendment in Nationwide Application, 1972 Washington University Law Quarterly 383-404 (1972).
Serrano v. Priest: A State Court's Responsibilities and Opportunities in the Development of Federal Constitutional Law, 60 California Law Review 720-56 (1972).
Emerging Nationwide Standards for School Desegregation: Charlotte and Mobile (with Harold Horowitz), 1 Black Law Journal 206-21 (1971).
Individual Rights and Duties in the Year 2000: The Institutional Framework, in The Future of the U.S. Government: Toward the Year 2000 39-56 (edited by Harvey S. Perloff, G. Braziller, 1971).
Law and Development in Latin America, 19 American Journal of Comparative Law 431-33 (1971).
Out of Many, One: The Judiciary and the Harmonization of Law in the United States, in Le Federalisme et le Developpement des Ordres Juridiques 59-102 (Emile Bruylant, 1971).
Rights in Land and Housing in an Informal Legal System: The Barrios of Caracas, 19 American Journal of Comparative Law 550-74 (1971).
Teaching Latin American Law, 19 American Journal of Comparative Law 685-91 (1971).
Law and the Use of Agricultural Land: Perspectives from the Western Hemisphere, in Legal Thought in the United States of America under Contemporary Problems 349-64 (edited by John N. Hazard and Wenceslas J. Wagner, Emile Bruylant, 1970).
Legal Institutions and Development: Lessons from the Mexican Ejido (with Norris C. Clement), 16 UCLA Law Review 281-303 (1968).
Invidious Discrimination: Justice Douglas and the Return of the "Natural-Law-Due-Process Formula", 16 UCLA Law Review 716-50 (1969).
Land Reforms in International Law, in Essays on Expropriations 41-82 (edited by Richard S. Miller and Roland J. Stanger, Ohio State University, 1967).
Law in Developing Countries, 60 Law Library Journal 13-20 (1967).
Reitman v. Mulkey: A Telophase of Substantive Equal Protection (with Harold Horowitz), 1967 Supreme Court Review 39-80 (1967).
"The Files": Legal Controls Over the Accuracy and Accessibility of Stored Personal Data, 31 Law & Contemporary Problems 342-76 (1966).
The Proposition Fourteen Cases: Justice in Search of a Justification (with Harold Horowitz), 14 UCLA Law Review 37-51 (1966).
The Columbian Land Reform Law: 'The Contribution of an Independent Judiciary', 14 American Journal of Comparative Law 118-24 (1965).
The First Amendment and Harry Kalven: An Appreciative Comment on the Advantages of Thinking Small, 13 UCLA Law Review 1-24 (1965).
Latin-American Land Reform: The Uses of Confiscation, 63 Michigan Law Review 327-72 (1964).
The Study of Latin American Law and Legal Institutions, in Social Science Research on Latin America 290-333 (edited by Charles Wagley, Columbia, 1964).
The Tax Exemption of Donor-Controlled Foundations, 25 Ohio State Law Journal 183-221 (1964).
Sit-Ins and State Action: Mr. Justice Douglas, Concurring (with William Van Alstyne), 14 Stanford Law Review 762-76 (1962).
State Action (with William Van Alstyne), 14 Stanford Law Review 3-58 (1961).
The Efficiency of the Charitable Dollar: An Unfulfilled State Responsibility, 73 Harvard Law Review 433-83 (1960).
Legislative Facts in Constitutional Litigation, 1960 Supreme Court Review 75-112 (1960).


Entries on Paul Abraham Freund and Melville Bernard Nimmer, in Yale Biographical Dictionary of American Law (edited by Roger K. Newman, Yale University Press, 2009).
Steve [Shiffrin] as Colleague and Friend, 41 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 53-56 (2007).
Book Review, 106 American Historical Review 1021 (2001). Reviewing The Warren Court and American Politics, by L.A. Powe, Jr.
Book Review, 69 Southern California Law Review 1781-94 (1996). Reviewing Critical Race Theory: The Cutting Edge, edited by Richard Delgado; The Rodrigo Chronicles, by Richard Delgado; and Critical Race Theory: Key Writings That Formed the Movement, edited by Kimberlé Crenshaw, et al.
Book Review, 11 Journal of American Ethnic History 79-80 (1992). Reviewing Immigration and the Politics of Citizenship in Europe and North America, edited by William Rogers Brubaker.
Book Review, 62 Texas Law Review 1147-55 (1984). Reviewing Justice at War, by Peter Irons.
Powell: Perched in Court’s Center, 2 National Law Journal at 22, 25 (Feb. 18, 1980).
Book Review, 24 UCLA Law Review 214-17 (1976). Reviewing The Legal System: A Social Science Perspective, by Lawrence M. Friedman.
Book Review, 89 Harvard Law Review 1028-37 (1976). Reviewing Cases and Materials on Constitutional Law, by Gerald Gunther.
Book Review, 28 Stanford Law Review 829-35 (1976). Reviewing Commentaries on the Constitution of Virginia, by A. E. Dick Howard.
Book Review, 11 Texas International Law Journal 617-21 (1976). Reviewing Curso de Derecho Mercantil, by Boris Kozolchyk and Octavio Torrealba.
Book Review, 69 American Political Science Review 1461-62 (1975). Reviewing Latin American Legislatures: Their Role and Influence: Analyses for Nine Countries, by Weston H. Agor.
Book Review, 22 UCLA Law Review 1183-86 (1975). Reviewing Mr. Justice Black and His Books, by Daniel J. Meador.
Book Review, 5 Journal of Latin American Studies 311-13 (1973). Reviewing The Politics of Land Reform in Chile, 1950-1970: Public Policy, Political Institutions, and Social Change, by Robert R. Kaufman.
Book Review, 53 The Social Science Quarterly 185-86 (1972). Reviewing Judicial Review in Mexico: A Study of the Amparo Suit, by Richard D. Baker.
Book Review, 25 Stanford Law Review 111-15 (1972). Reviewing Judicial Review in the Contemporary World, by Mauro Cappelletti.
Book Review, 64 NYU Law Review 429-37 (1971). Reviewing The System of Freedom of Expression, by Thomas Emerson.
Book Review, 53 Cornell Law Review 744-46 (1968). Reviewing Privacy and Freedom, by Alan F. Westin.
Book Review, 13 UCLA Law Review 1134-36 (1966). Reviewing Foundations and Government: State and Federal Law Supervision, by Marion R. Fremont-Smith.
Book Review, 13 University of Kansas Law Review 609-12 (1965). Reviewing Latin America: Myth and Reality, by Peter Nehemkis.
Book Review, 71 Harvard Law Review 1387-92 (1958). Reviewing Freedom, Virtue and the First Amendment, by Walter Berns.