Although food law and policy is a relatively new discipline, rules governing food have a long history. This class will survey and compare the moral and cultural bases used for historical and modern regulation of food. It will start by tracing the development of Jewish dietary laws that focused in large part on purity. The complicated role of religious food rules will be examined further in the rise and expansion of Christianity and Islam. Particular attention will be given to the development of sumptuary laws during Medieval and Renaissance Europe aimed to preserve social hierarchies and morals. We will then turn to the post-industrial era and examine the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act, the first modern U.S. food law, which was passed during a period of time when trust and changing moral codes dominated the cultural dialogue. In the words of Senator Algernon S. Paddock in 1892, leading up to the 1906 Act: “[t]he devil has got hold of the food supply of this country.” We will also look at the development of recent food law that has adapted in part to a food movement setting out to foster new cultural norms for civil society, including a demand for natural and pure food and a return to agrarian values. We will examine how these norms often conflict with science and industrialized food production, giving rise to tension on issues such as proposed mandatory labeling laws for genetically modified food, the treatment of animals, and food justice and equity. Students will be expected to complete short assignments related to each week's readings.