Mario Biagioli

Distinguished Professor of Law and Communication

  • Diploma di Maturita` Classica, Liceo Ginnasio Cicognini (Prato, Italy), 1974
  • M.F.A. Visual Studies Workshop and Rochester Institute of Technology, 1984
  • M.A. UC Berkeley, 1986
  • Ph.D. UC Berkeley, 1989
  • UCLA Faculty Since 2019

Mario Biagioli is a Distinguished Professor of Law and Communication at UCLA. He was previously a Distinguished Professor in the School of Law, the STS Program, and the Department of History at UC Davis, where he was the founding director for the Center for Science and Innovation Studies, and an Associate faculty member of the Cultural Studies Program and the Critical Theory Program. Prior to UC Davis, he was Professor of History of Science at Harvard. He has also taught at Stanford, the University of Chicago, the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris), UCLA’s Department of History, and the European University at St Petersburg.

Dr. Biagioli’s scholarship is at the intersection of intellectual property and science and technology studies. He is currently completing a book on the new forms of scientific fraud and misconduct that are spawn by the introduction of metrics of academic evaluation. Other interests include patentable subject matter, the history of the idea/expression divide, and the role of eyewitnessing in science.

A recipient of a Simon Guggenheim Fellowship and grants from the NSF, the Mellon Foundation, the ACLS, and the Russian Ministry of Science and Education, Dr. Biagioli has been awarded fellowships at the Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton) and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (Stanford).

Dr. Biagioli received his Diploma di Maturita` Classica from the Liceo Ginnasio Cicognini in Prato (Italy), his M.F.A. from the Visual Studies Workshop and the Rochester Institute of Technology, and his M.A. and Ph.D. in History of Science from UC Berkeley.

Dr. Biagioli has authored and edited eight books, including Gaming the Metrics: New Ecologies of Academic Misconduct (with A. Lippman, MIT Press, 2020); From Russia with Code (with Vincent Lepinay, Duke University Press, 2019); Making and Unmaking Intellectual Property (with P. Jaszi and M. Woodmansee, University of Chicago Press, 2011); Galileo's Instruments of Credit: Telescopes, Images, Secrecy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006); Scientific Authorship: Credit and Intellectual Property in Science (with Peter Galison, Routledge, 2003); and Galileo, Courtier (University of Chicago Press, 1993), (translated in German, Greek, Spanish, and Portuguese). His articles have appeared in Nature, Critical Inquiry, Notre Dame Law Review, Trends in Chemistry, KNOW, UC Davis Law Review, Angewandte Chemie, Theory Culture & Society, International Journal of Cultural Property, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science among others.

Bibliography

  • Articles And Chapters
    • Justice Out of Balance, 45 (2) Critical Inquiry 280 (Winter 2019). Full Text
    • Weighing Intellectual Property: Can We Balance the Costs and Benefits of Patenting?, 57 (1) History of Science 140-63 (2019). Full Text
    • Quality to Impact, Text to Metadata: Evaluation and Publication in the Age of Metrics, 2 (2) KNOW 249 (2018).
    • Between Sign and Symbol: Annibaldi, Marenzio, and the Patronage of Music, in Perspectives on Luca Marenzio’s Secular and Devotional Music 221-5 (edited by Mauro Calcagno, Brepols Publishers, 2015).
    • Brands R Us (with Anupam Chander and Madhavis Sunder), in The Luxury Economy and Intellectual Property: Critical Reflections (edited by Haochen Sun, Barton Beebe, and Madhavi Sunder, Oxford University Press, 2017). (Revised version of ”Brand New World: Distinguishing Oneself in the Global Flow,” UC Davis Law Review 47 (2013): 455-472).
    • Intangible Objects: How Patent Law is Redefining Materiality, in Objects and Materials: A Routledge Handbook (CRESC) 380-90 (edited by Penny Harvey, Eleanor Casella, Gillian Evans, Hannah Knox, Chris Mclean, Elizabeth Sylva, Nicholas Thoburn, and Kath Woodward, Routledge, 2014).
    • Plagiarism, Kinship, and Slavery, 31 Theory, Culture, and Society 65-91 (2014).
    • Witnessing Astronomy: Kepler on the Uses and Misuses of Testimony, in Nature Engaged: Science in Practice from the Renaissance to the Present 103-23 (edited by Mario Biagioli and Jessica Riskin, Palgrave-McMillan, 2013).
    • Brand New World: Distinguishing Oneself in the Global Flow (with Anupam Chander and Madhavis Sunder), 47 UC Davis Law Review 455-72 (2013). Reprinted, in a revised form, as “Brands R Us,” in The Luxury Economy and Intellectual Property: Critical Reflections (edited by Haochen Sun, Barton Beebe, and Madhavi Sunder, Oxford University Press, 2015), pp. 77-92.
    • “Recycling Texts or Stealing Time? Plagiarism, Authorship, and Credit in Science, 19 International Journal of Cultural Property 453-76 (2012).
    • Productive Illusions: Kuhn’s Structure as a Recruitment Tool, 42 Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences 479-84 (2012).
    • From Ciphers to Confidentiality: Secrecy, Openness, and Priority in Science, 45 British Journal of the History of Science 1-21 (2012).
    • Genius Against Copyright: Revisiting Fichte’s Proof of the Illegality of Reprinting, 86 Notre Dame Law Review 1847-67 (2011).
    • Introduction, in Making and Unmaking Intellectual Property: Creative Production in Legal and Cultural Perspective 1-22 (edited by Mario Biagioli, Peter Jaszi, and Martha Woodmansee, University of Chicago Press, 2011).
    • Did Galileo Copy the Telescope? A ‘New’ Letter by Paolo Sarp, in The Origins of the Telescope 203-30 (edited by Albert van Helden and Sven Dupre`, Rob van Ghent, and Huib Zuidervaar, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenscappen, 2010). A shorter and slightly different version appeared as “Inventing Invention: Galileo’s Telescope Between Science and Craft,” The Binder Lecture 2010 (San Diego: UCSD Department of Literature, 2010)
    • Post-Disciplinary Liaisons: Science Studies and the Humanities, 35 Critical Inquiry 816-33 (2009).
    • Nature and the Commons: The Vegetable Roots of Intellectual Property, in Living Properties: Making Knowledge and Controlling Ownership in the History of Biology 241-50 (edited by Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Daniel J. Kevles, and Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science Preprint 382, 2009).
    • Bringing Peer Review to Patents, 12 (6) First Monday (2007). Special issue on “Cyberinfrastructure for Collaboration and Innovation." Full Text
    • Patent Republic: Specifying Inventions, Constructing Authors and Rights, 73 Social Research 1129-72 (2006). Abridged and reprinted in Making and Unmaking Intellectual Property: Creative Production in Legal and Cultural Perspective 25-39 (edited by Mario Biagioli, Peter Jaszi, and Martha Woodmansee. University of Chicago Press, 2011).
    • From Print to Patents: Living on Instruments in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1800, 44 History of Science 139-86 (2006).
    • Documents of Documents: Scientists' Names and Scientific Claims, in Documents: Artifacts of Modern Knowledge 129-56 (edited by Annelise Riles, University of Michigan Press, 2006).
    • Galileo's Travelling Circus of Science, in Making Things Public 460-71 (edited by Bruno Latour and Peter Weibel, MIT Press, 2005). Catalogue of exhibit held at ZKM, Karlsruhe, Summer 2005.
    • L'autore della scienza: definizioni e paradossi, in L'autore multiplo (edited by Anna Santoni, Scuola Normale Superiore, 2005).
    • Stress in the Book of Nature: The Supplemental Logic of Galileo's Realism, 118 (3) Modern Language Notes 557-85 (2003). German issue. Italian translation: "Galileo e Derrida," 43 Rinascimento, Series II, 205-32 (2003).
    • From Book Censorship to Academic Peer Review, 12 Emergences 11-45 (2002). Abridged and reprinted in Peer Review, Research Integrity, and the Governance of Science: Practice, Theory, and Current Discussions 119-168 (edited by Robert Frodeman, J. Brit Holbrook, and Carl Mitcham (People’s Publishing House, 2012).
    • Picturing Objects in the Making: Scheiner, Galileo, and the Discovery of Sunspots, in Wissensideale und Wissenskulturen in der Fruhen Neuzeit - Ideals and Cultures of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe 39-96 (edited by Wolfgang Detel and Claus Zittel, Akademie Verlag, 2002).
    • Luoghi e forme della conoscenza: Le accademie, in Storia della Scienza: La Rivoluzione Scientifica, Vol.V 91-122 (edited by Daniel Garber, Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, 2002).
    • From Difference to Blackboxing: French Theory Vs. Science Studies' Metaphysics of Presence, in French Theory in America 271-87 (edited by Sande Cohen and Sylvere Lotringer, Routledge, 2001).
    • Rights or Rewards? Changing Contexts and Definitions of Scientific Authorship, 27 Journal of College and University Law 83-108 (2000). Reprinted in Scientific Authorship: Credit and Intellectual Property in Science 253-79 (edited by Mario Biagioli and Peter Galison, Routlegde, 2003).
    • From Invention to Discovery: Galileo, the Telescope, and the Satellites of Jupiter, 11 Science in Context 547-90 (2000). Reprinted in Galileo in Context 277-320 (edited by Juergen Renn, Cambridge, 2002).
    • Science Studies and Its Institutional Predicament, in The Science Studies Reader XI-XVIII (edited by Mario Biagioli, Routledge, 1999).
    • The Scientific Revolution is Undead, 7 Configurations 141-47 (1998).
    • The Instability of Authorship: Credit and Responsibility in Contemporary Biomedicine, 12 (1) The FASEB Journal 3-16 (1998). Reprinted in 6 Science Bought and Sold: Essays in the Economics of Science 486-514 (edited by Philip Mirowski and Mirjiam Sent, University of Chicago Press, 2001); and in Science Studies Reader 12-30 (edited by Mario Biagioli, Routledge, 1999). Translated in Hungarian and reprinted as “A szerzose instabilitasa: Erdem es felelosseg a kortars orvostudomanyban,” in 8 Magyar Tudomany 921-42 (2015).
    • Playing with the Evidence, 1 Early Science and Medicine 70-105 (1996).
    • Etiquette, Interdependence, and Sociability in Seventeenth-Century Science, 22 Critical Inquiry 192-238 (1996).
    • From Relativism to Contingentism, in The Disunity of Science 35-52 (edited by Peter Galison and David Stump, Stanford University Press, 1996).
    • Le prince et les savants: La civilite’ scientifique au 17e siecle, 6 Annales 1417-53 (Novembre-Decembre 1995).
    • Knowledge, Freedom, and Brotherly Love: Homosociality and the Accademia dei Lincei, 1603-1630, 3 Configurations 139-66 (1995).
    • Dalla corte all'accademia: spazi, autori e autorita` nella scienza del seicento, in Storia d'Europa, Vol. IV 383-432 (edited by Carlo Ginzburg, Perry Anderson, and Eric Hobsbawn , Einaudi, 1995). Italian translation of "Etiquette, Interdependence, and Sociability in Seventeenth-Century Science," 22 Critical Inquiry 193-238 (1996).
    • Confabulating Jurassic Science, in Technoscientific Imaginaries 399-431 (edited by George Marcus, University of Chicago Press, 1995).
    • Tacit Knowledge, Courtliness, and the Scientist's Body, in Choreographing History 69-81 (edited by Susan Foster, Indiana University Press, 1995).
    • Scientific Revolution and Aristocratic Ethos: Federico Cesi and the Accademia dei Lincei, in Alexandre Koyre', L'avventura intellettuale 279-95 (edited by Carlo Vinti, Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, 1994).
    • Galilee bricoleur, 94 Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 85-105 (1992).
    • Filippo Salviati: A Baroque Virtuoso, 7 Nuncius 81-96 (1992).
    • Scientific Revolution, Social Bricolage, and Etiquette, in The Scientific Revolution in National Context 11-54 (edited by Roy Porter and Mikulas Teich, Cambridge University Press).
    • Science, Modernity, and the Final Solution, in Probing the Limits of Representation 371-77 (edited by Saul Friedlander, Harvard University Press, 1992). Reprinted in Spanish translation as “Ciencia, modernidad y solución final,” in En torno a los límites de la representación: El nazismo y la solución final (edited by Saul Friedlander, Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, 2007).
    • La scienza, il moderno, e la soluzione finale, 11 Intersezioni 501-25 (1991). Italian translation of "Science, Modernity and the Final Solution."
    • New Documents on Galileo, 6 Nuncius 157-69 (1991).
    • The Knight, the Virgin, the Pilgrim, 3 Strategies 127-33 (1991).
    • The Anthropology of Incommensurability, 21 (183-209) Studies in History and Philosophy of Science (1990).
    • Galileo the Emblem Maker, 81 Isis 230-58 (1990). Partially reprinted in Science in Europe, 1500-1800 60-71 (edited by Malcoln Oster, Open University, 2002); and in Galileo’s Astrology (edited by Nicholas Campion and Nick Kollestrom, a special issue of 7 Culture and Cosmos 65-71, 2003).
    • Galileo's System of Patronage, 28 History of Science 1-62 (1990).
    • The Social Status of Italian Mathematicians, 1450-1600, 27 History of Science 45-97 (1989).
    • Meyerson: Science and the Irrational, 19 Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 5-42 (1988).
    • Meyerson and Koyre': Toward a Dialectic of Scientific Change, 4 History and Technology 169-82 (1987).
  • Books
    • Gaming Metrics: Misconduct and Manipulation in Academic Research. MIT Press (2020).
    • From Russia with Code: Programming Migrations in Post-Soviet Times (edited by Mario Biagioli and Vincent Antonin Lépinay).. Duke University Press (2019). Book Info
    • Galileo's Instruments of Credit: Telescopes, Images, Secrecy. University of Chicago Press (2006).Paperback, 2007.
    • Galileo, Courtier. University of Chicago Press (1993).Galilei, Hoffling, (Frankfurt: Fischer Verlag, 1999) (German translation); Galileu Cortesao (Porto: Porto Editora, 2003) (Portuguese translation);  (Athens: Katoptro Publications, 2006) (Greek translation); Galileo Cortesan (Madrid: Katz Editores, 2008) (Spanish translation).
  • Edited Volumes And Special Issues
    • (edited by Mario Biagioli and Jessica Riskin, Palgrave-MacMillan, 2013). Book Info
    • (edited by Mario Biagioli, Martha Woodmansee and Peter Jaszi, University of Chicago Press, 2011).
    • (edited by Mario Biagioli and Jean Francois Gauvin). A special issue of History of Science, 44 (2006), no. 144, Part 2.
    • (edited by Mario Biagioli and Peter Galison, Routledge, 2003).
    • (Routledge, 1999).
    • (edited by Mario Biagioli and Steve Harris). A special issue of Configurations, 6 (1998), No. 2, Spring.
    • (edited by Mario Biagioli, Roddey Reid and Sharon Traweek). A special issue of Configurations, 2 (1994), No. 1, Winter.
  • Shorter Articles, Essay Reviews And Popular Press
    • Certaines dérives font réfléchir sur l’état de la science dans le monde, Le Monde (August 26, 2017).
    • Watch Out for Cheats in Citation Game, 535 Nature (2016).
    • La grande bugia di Galileo, La Stampa (1 September 2010). Summarized in Richard Owen, “Galileo Saw More than He Admitted, Says Historian,” The Times, September 2, 2010.
    • Galileo: Strategia di un Monopolio, Corriere della Sera (9/23/2009).
    • Proprietary Discovery, 20 Italian Journal (2009).
    • Early Modern Instruments Patents Database, 1500-1800 (2006).
    • Peer Review (edited by John Heilbron, Oxford University Press, 2002).
    • Courts and Salons (edited by John Heilbron, Oxford University Press, 2002).
    • Scientific Academies, 20 (Pergamon, 2001).
    • The Problem, CSE Task Force on Authorship (1999). Council of Science Editors
    • Long Live the Deans: Authorship, Contributorship, and Responsibility, 352 The Lancet (1998).
    • Texts, Contexts, and Jesuit Science, 25 Studies in History and Philosophy of Science (1994).
    • Stillman Drake, Galileo: Pioneer Scientist, The Times Higher Education Supplement (9/28/90).
    • The Scientific Revolution and the Social Legitimation of Mathematicians: The Case of Galileo, BSHS and HSS, Program, Papers, and Abstracts for the Joint Conference, Manchester, England, 11-15 July 1988, pp. 2-8.
    • Scientific and Occult Mentalities in the Renaissance, 2 (1987).
    • Peter Bowler, Evolution: The History of an Idea, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984), in Rivista di Storia della Scienza 2 (1985), no.2, pp. 329-34.
    • orinda Outram, Georges Cuvier: Vocation, Science, and Authority in Post-revolutionary France, 2 (Manchester University Press, 1984).
    • "Computerart o ready-made?", text for the catalogue of the exhibition "Immagini da Computer", Comune di Prato (Florence), Palazzo Pretorio, January 1984.
    • "Fotogramma e struttura", text for the exhibition catalogue Fotogramma e struttura, (Florence: Salani, 1982).