International and Comparative Law Specialization

J.D. Course Requirements

J.D. students are required to take six (6) courses to complete the program. At least two (2) of those courses must be selected from Group A and four (4) additional courses from either Group A or Group B.

Group A consists of international and comparative law courses that are sufficiently general, or have a sufficiently general component, to introduce students to the broad fields of international and comparative law.

Group B consists of all courses that have been identified by the relevant faculty teaching the course as having international or comparative law content.  Group B also includes courses in foreign law, which is an important element of the study of comparative law. Students are encouraged to look into the specifics of the syllabi of the courses they are interested in from Group B to make sure that those courses best achieve their personal educational goals.

Please note that students pursing the Specialization in International and Comparative Law do not receive priority enrollment for any course in Group A or Group B.  There is no cap on enrollment in any of the core courses in Group A, other than those indicated with * below. Students are encouraged to enroll for Group B courses they are interested in as early as possible in the enrollment period to avoid disappointment.

Group B (must choose a total of six courses from Groups A and B)
Course # Course Name
214 Civil Rights
224 Taxation in a Global Economy
232 Cybersecurity Law and Policy
259 International Commercial Arbitration
266 Critical Race Theory
267 Federal Indian Law
269 National Security Law
313 Conflict of Laws
318 Law and Sexuality
331 Immigration Law
335 Religious Legal Systems: Jewish Law
338 Islamic Jurisprudence
348 EU Law
369 Anti-Terrorism and Criminal Enforcement
376 Law and Dissent
383 Political Asylum and Refugee Law
389 Prison Law and Policy
431 Immigration Law and Practice
432 International and Comparative Sports Law
438 International Environmental Law and Policy
457+ Comparative Governance and Constitutional Rights
458+ Law of the Sea
464 Human Trafficking
465+ Prospects for International Justice
467+ Human Rights Law Beyond Borders
507 Labor Law and Social Policy
514 Cultural Property
528 Tribal Legal Systems
558 Political Crimes and Legal Systems
566 Laws of War & the War(s) on Terror
583 Foreign Relations Law
584 Human Rights and Sexual Politics
611A+/B Climate Change and Energy Law
614 Global Perspectives on Criminal Procedure
616 Theories of International Law
636 Current Issues in Chinese Law
637 Good (Native) Governance
639 Political Asylum
653 Advanced Critical Race Thoery
657 Contemporary Issues Facing the International Criminal Court
659 Comparative Corporate Law
671 Comparative Education: Law and Policy
674 Seminar: The Trafficking in Human Beings: Law and Policy
678 Comparative Counterterrorism Law and Policy
691 Global Justice
708 Civil Rights Litigation Clinic
717 International Human Rights Clinic
735 Asylum Clinic
773 Immigrants' Rights Policy Clinic
782 International Commercial Arbitration Law and Advocacy
927 International Human Rights Clinic: International Field Experience
941 Law of the US - Mexico Border
955+ Prospects for International Justice
957 Hard Cases Make Bad (Human Rights) Law
  • + indicates one (1) credit course. Any one (1) credit course will only count as half a Group B course towards the specialization, i.e. you would need to take two 1 credit courses to have it count as a single Group B course.

    ** Please note that not all courses will be offered every year. 

    International and Comparative Law Writing Requirement

    In addition to course work, students will need to complete a supervised research paper that meets the Substantial Analytical Writing (SAW) Requirement.


    Students pursuing the Specialization in International and Comparative Law are welcome to pursue externships relating to international or foreign law.  A full time externship relating to international or foreign law can satisfy two (2) Group B course requirements.  A part time externship relating to international or foreign law can satisfy one (1) Group B course requirement.  Students wishing to use an externship as a qualifying course are required to receive the prior consent of the designated faculty advisor. Consent is discretionary, and requires a demonstration that the externship will provide exposure to substantive areas of international, foreign or comparative law.

    Foreign Legal Study and Exchange Program (FLSEP)

    Students pursuing the Specialization in International and Comparative Law are encouraged to pursue study abroad opportunities via FLSEP.  Up to three courses taken at a Legal Study and Exchange Program partner school can be used to satisfy Group B course requirements. Students wishing to use FLSEP courses as qualifying courses for Group B are required to receive the prior consent of the faculty advisor.

    LL.M. Course Requirements

    The LL.M. Specialization in International and Comparative Law has a different structure to the J.D. Specialization.  The main difference is that LL.M. students must complete four (4) qualifying courses, rather than six (6) required of J.D. students.  More information about the LL.M. Specialization Program can be found here.